1.10 Atomic and Molecular Mass - Video Lectures
1.9 Atoms and Molecules
Atoms are the smallest particle of an element which may or may not have independent existence, but it takes part in chemical reactions.
Molecule is the smallest particle of a substance (element or compound) capable of independent existence.
There are 112 elements in nature as per the present knowledge. Obviously there are 112 different types of atoms.
Molecules may have two or more atoms. Molecules are divided into two types:
1. Homoatomic molecules
2. Heteroatomic molecules
1.10 Atomic and Molecular Mass
Atomic Mass: An atom is such a small particle that its mass cannot be determined with the help of any available balance. By an indirect method, the absolute mass of hydrogen atom has been found to be 1.66 X 10 to the power of -24 g.
Chemists have defined the atomic mass of hydrogen as one and expressed the atomic mass of other elements as multiples of hydrogen's atomic mass. The relative atomic masses expressed in terms of hydrogen as termed atomic weights.
Atomic weights of some common elements
Gram Atomic Mass: Gram atomic mass is the quantity of an element whose mass in grams is numerically equal to its atomic mass.
Molecular Mass: Measuring the mass of a single molecule is not possible. Hence as in the case of atoms, molecular mass is defined as the average relative mass of its molecule as compared to the mass of an atom of carbon (C12) having mass number 12.